Reading fluency, one of the Five Pillars of Reading, is defined as the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression. Reading fluency greatly influences reading comprehension. Children must be able to read fluently in order to comprehend what they read, whether they are reading aloud or silently. Fluent readers read in phrases and add appropriate intonation when reading aloud without needing to pause to decode words or look up definitions. 

Fluency plays a key role in comprehension and is essential in keeping young learners motivated. When children are reading fluently, it frees up mental resources to allow them to improve their comprehension of what they are reading. Research has shown that students need frequent opportunities for substantial practice at their instructional reading level in order to achieve an appropriate level of reading fluency. Silent reading does not accomplish this goal. It is important to provide the student with feedback as well as opportunities to self-correct. This combination of consistent practice and regular monitoring is critical in promoting fluency.

We determine reading fluency by examining both reading speed and expression of the text. Very fluent readers are able to read text automatically and without effortful decoding of letters to sounds. Children must build a strong decoding base as well as a foundation of sight words that are recognized automatically in order to increase their fluency rates.


Reading Fluency


Slower reading fluency rates can lead to difficulties in school, as they are often the result of spending too much time decoding individual words. This can lead to not having enough time to understand a passage or text as a whole.

Tutors may work on phrasing and intonation, echoed and repeated readings.

At Brooklyn Letters, our goal is to improve your child’s reading fluency with individualized lessons geared at boosting decoding skills.  Our reading specialists provide Orton-Gillingham and Wilson tutoring services to help your child become skilled readers. We offer doorstep or at-home and online tutoring. Click here to get to know our literacy specialists and find out more about reading tutoring services.

Know more about the Five Pillars of Reading, and check out or literacy tutors here!



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