Has your child been advised to seek help from a New Jersey Wilson reading and Orton-Gillingham tutor? A child having difficulty reading can be stressful, and you need a professional to help! Wilson Reading and Orton-Gillingham are some of the best approaches to helping students struggling with their literacy skills.
Our New Jersey Wilson reading and Orton-Gillingham tutors use multisensory ways to teach phonemic awareness, sound-symbol relationships, the seven-syllable kinds, word origins, prefixes and suffixes, grammar, and syntax, and vocabulary.
The Trace, Copy, and Recall method is an example of a multimodal approach to spelling. Students classify regular, irregular, and rules such as the Rabbit Rule and the Dropping Rule. Practice reading is also suggested as part of spelling tutoring because reading age-appropriate text helps develop sight word mental formation.
The Wilson Reading System adopted the Orton-Gillingham reading philosophy. Barbara Wilson began her career as a special education teacher and was trained in the Orton-Gillingham approach. She opened a learning facility for dyslexic children of all ages after completing her Orton training. Wilson was created for kids with language-based learning impairments. The Wilson method teaches word structure systematically and progressively. Before proceeding on to the next phase, students must master the previous one.
The key to this approach is that each learner starts from learning word patterns in isolation and gradually expanding to more complex sounds and sound combinations. The Wilson program is a prescribed reading strategy by following a systematic way to teach and learn literacy.
Students are assessed before the start of the program. Before establishing a lesson plan based on WRS criteria, a Wilson reading tutor will determine the child’s ability level, strengths, and shortcomings.
WRS is a straightforward reading training method that begins with the most fundamental skills. This includes matching sounds to letters, identifying distinct syllables, and reading and spelling using syllables. In WRS, it’s also critical to ensure that reading resources are age-appropriate and aligned with the student’s interests.
The system is also noted for its one-of-a-kind “sound-tapping” technique, by tapping out each syllable with their fingers and thumb.
WRS tutors/instructors address ten skill areas in every class, such as letter-sound recognition, comprehension, and spelling.
Orton-Gillingham is the grandfather of multisensory reading programs. This program was the first to use a multimodal approach to reading. The Orton method consists of lessons that are taught systematically. A 3 parts drill, introducing a new concept, decoding and learning center activities, red words (Orton’s name for sight words), and comprehension are all included in the session.
The great thing about Orton-Gillingham is that it is a highly adjustable program tailored to a student’s age, motivators, and other unique requirements. Orton-Gillingham tutors tailor to the needs of each reader. This method is ideal for students who require a significant deal of programming flexibility to match their needs.
Orton-Gillingham is a step-by-step teaching method that focuses on the specific requirements of children and complex readers. As a result, an Orton-Gillingham instructor or reading expert can create and tailor lessons to a student’s current skill level. The Slingerland Approach, commonly utilized in group teaching sessions, can also be used during small group education. While Orton-Gillingham focuses primarily on teaching literacy skills (reading, spelling, and writing), it has also been adapted to help kids who struggle with mathematics due to its multimodal nature and sequential teaching. (Learn more about our multisensory math and how we can help you with math tutoring!)
Our Orton-Gillingham-trained tutors use a very effective educational technique for students who struggle with reading, spelling, writing, or any combination of the three. To increase literacy skills, focus on the unique requirements of kids and use an Orton-Gillingham method.
We can improve our reading skills through a series of complex and interwoven procedures. Phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary or language development, and comprehension are the five pillars of literacy or reading. Reading’s ultimate goal is comprehension. Reading comprehension is the ability to analyze text, comprehend and interpret its meaning, and apply prior knowledge.
Before a learner can achieve comprehension, they must first master phonological awareness, reading fluency, and linguistic understanding, comprehend the relationship between sounds and letters and have a large vocabulary. In addition, reading comprehension requires making inferences and connections, grasping character motivations, and solving issues, all of which require cognitive processes.
Beginning with phonological awareness, developing reading abilities includes recognizing the sounds of words. Words are usually separated into sounds and syllables, represented as graphemes (the smallest meaning unit during a writing system).
A child with adequate phonological awareness can pay attention to vocal sounds and grasp how these sounds convert into print, where the sound and grapheme have a one-to-one match. In addition, a toddler’s literacy motivation grows as they study phonics and sight words (print patterns that don’t follow the courses and must be memorized).
Decoding is converting printed words into sounds, or reading, while encoding is constructing and writing words using individual sounds.
To read and write, we must first develop phonological awareness, or the capacity to recognize that words are built up of more minor sounds called phonemes. This phonological awareness enables us to break words down into more minor sounds and, conversely, to construct total words from more minor sounds. When learning to read, we begin by associating each letter with its appropriate sound.
One of the five pillars of reading fluency is described as the capacity to read with speed, precision, and good expression. Reading fluency has a significant impact on reading comprehension. Whether reading aloud or silently, children must be able to read smoothly to comprehend what they read. Fluent readers read in phrases and utilize proper tone without pausing to decode words or look up definitions when reading aloud.
Fluency is essential for comprehension and for keeping young students motivated. Fluent reading frees up brain resources, allowing children to better their understanding of what they’re reading. According to research, to develop an optimal level of reading fluency, students require frequent opportunities for meaningful practice at their instructional reading level. Silent reading will not help you achieve your aim. To improve reading fluency, frequent oral reading opportunities are required and regular progress monitoring by a teacher, tutor, family member, or even a peer.
When aiming to enhance fluency, it’s also crucial to choose the correct text or reading material. Spending too much effort decoding individual words leads to slower reading fluency rates. This can result in insufficient time to comprehend a passage or a text as a whole. As a result, it’s critical to select appropriate materials for the student’s independent reading level. This entails selecting books or writings that contain vocabulary that the reader is familiar with and can easily comprehend.
Following the selection of appropriate reading materials, a reading teacher or tutor will work with the student:
- Allow students to read and reread various stories or texts, and encourage them to do so.
- Before enabling the pupil to read on their own, introduce and practice reading new or challenging words.
- Monitor the student’s oral reading from time to time, noting the reading rate and accuracy.
- Encourage pupils to revisit the book on their own by modeling fluent reading. This shows pupils that a reader’s voice or intonation makes a difference in obtaining meaning from written text and displaying how fluent reading should be.
Many parents feel that both systems work effectively for their children! Because they are both phonics-based, multisensory curricula, they share more similarities than differences. Wilson differs in that it is more regimented, making it a good option for students who benefit from having much structure. Orton-Gillingham is more adaptable, changing and applying it based on the student, tutoring goals, and other factors.
- Wilson Reading System and Orton-Gillingham tutoring are multisensory reading programs proven to teach literacy to struggling readers.
- Orton-Gillingham tutor offers a structured approach that allows for adaptation based on student needs.
- Wilson is a systematic approach where students start at the beginning to ensure mastery.
For further reading, check out our New Jersey (NJ) Wilson Reading and Orton-Gillingham tutoring services!