Decoding involves translating printed words to sounds, or reading, and encoding is just the opposite; using individual sounds to build and write words.
In order to read and write, we must first become phonologically aware by acquiring the ability to understand that words are built from smaller sounds, or phonemes. This phonological awareness allows us to segment words into smaller sounds and, conversely, to build entire words from smaller sounds. When we learn to read, we start by making associations between each letter and its corresponding sound.
To master sound-symbol association, children must understand that there is a correspondence between letters and sounds. They must understand the visual to auditory relationship between letters and sounds (decoding/reading) as well as the auditory to visual relationship (encoding/writing) in order to read and write efficiently.
At Brooklyn Letters, using an Orton-Gillingham approach to literacy, we can help your child to master the underlying principles of phonological awareness that they need in order to become skilled readers.