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?????? 5 मार्च 2012 #! 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:49:52 -0800p5231#31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:49:52 -0800p-10-08: 003131-08: 00x31 18 am31am-31pun, 18 Mar 2012 10:49:52 -0800p10- 08: 003131-08: 00x312012Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:49:52 -08004910493amSunday = 3736#! 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:49:52 -0800p-08: 003# ?? ????, ??? #! 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:49:52 -0800p5231# / 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:49:52 -0800p-10-08: 003131-08: 00x3115653T! 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:49:52 -0800p-08: 003# ?????

डॉ। ब्रोडस्की उन परिवारों और बच्चों के साथ काम करने में माहिर हैं जो संक्रमण से गुजर रहे हैं। यह ब्लॉग ब्लॉगों की एक श्रृंखला में पहला है जो तलाक और अलगाव के विषय को संबोधित करेगा। अगला ब्लॉग उन माता-पिता के लिए Do s और Don ts पर केंद्रित होगा जो इस संक्रमण से गुजर रहे हैं।

Let's face it, divorce and/or separation is a difficult transition for all involved. It is a major adjustment for adults and children. Children are incredibly in-tune to what is happening around them and with their parents, even if they act like nothing is bothering them. Even if the relationship between parents was toxic and separation may be seen as a relief, separation can threaten a child's sense of safety, create confusion and fear about the future. Most children are not involved in the decision making, so when parents separate, all the changes that come with this decision can cause children to experience great distress.

Children may be faced with numerous transitions, such as having two homes, a new school, new neighborhood, new friends and maybe a new stepparent. Possible economic pressures for the parents can cause a major decline in the standard of living, and previous activities or things are no longer available. With separation, some children can experience possible isolation from relatives and friends. In one session, a child revealed his sadness and anger about not being able to see his best friend since his parents separated. When asked why, he looked surprised and sarcastically replied, because our parents don't talk and then added, it's not fair.

Prior to the actual separation, many children witness their families go through long periods of tension, distress and conflict. According to some studies, these pressures cause stress for two or three years following separation (Coley, 1998; Hetherington et al., 1998). Regardless of the reasons why people separate, it is important for children to have a safe place to express and process their feelings. Although talking to their parents about their feelings can be helpful, at times it can also be very stressful. Children are terrified of saying the wrong thing, disappointing their parents, and not getting their parents approval. The loyalty conflicts frequently created by parents who are competing for their children's allegiance can make children fearful that they will lose one of their parents in the process. (Seifert & Hoffnung, 2000). Having an objective party that is trained and knows the right way to talk to the child and his/her parents can be extremely beneficial. It can lessen feelings of anxiety and sadness and prevent future distress. Also having children join groups where other children are going through similar transition can help them feel supportive and not alone.

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????? 1: ???? ?? ?????? बच्चों को सबसे पहले तलाक में लाए जाने वाले तात्कालिक बदलावों को सही ढंग से समझना चाहिए। बाद में वे अपने माता-पिता को त्यागने और खोने की कल्पनाओं के बीच भेद करना सीखते हैं और वास्तविकता को प्राप्त करते हैं ताकि वे अपने माता-पिता के कार्यों का मूल्यांकन कर सकें और अपने जीवन के लिए उपयोगी सबक प्राप्त कर सकें।

????? 2: ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ??, ??????? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????-???? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?????

????? 3: ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????: ?????? ?????? ?? ??????, ?? ??? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????, ?? ?? ????-???? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????????, ?????, ??????, ?? ?????????? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????-??? ?? ????? ???? ????

????? 4: ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ????-???? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ????

????? 5: ????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? छोटे बच्चे अक्सर तलाक के लिए जिम्मेदार महसूस करते हैं, यह सोचते हुए कि उनके दुर्व्यवहार के कारण एक माता-पिता को छोड़ना पड़ सकता है। उन्हें दोषी संबंधों को अलग करने की आवश्यकता है जो उन्हें एक परेशान माता-पिता के बहुत करीब से बांधते हैं और अपने स्वयं के जीवन के साथ आगे बढ़ते हैं।

????? 6: ???? ?? ????????? ?? ??????? ????? At first, children's strong need to deny the divorce can help them cope with the powerful realities they face. Over time, they must accept the divorce as a permanent state of affairs.

????? 7: ????? ?? ???? ????? रिश्तों के बारे में यथार्थवादी आशा को प्राप्त करना बच्चे और समाज दोनों के लिए सबसे महत्वपूर्ण कार्य हो सकता है। बच्चों को प्यार करने और प्यार करने की अपनी क्षमता की यथार्थवादी दृष्टि का निर्माण और रखरखाव करना चाहिए, यह जानते हुए कि अलगाव और तलाक हमेशा संभव हैं। इस अंतिम कार्य को माहिर करना जो अन्य सभी के साथ सफलतापूर्वक बातचीत करने पर निर्भर करता है, अतीत से मनोवैज्ञानिक स्वतंत्रता की ओर जाता है और एक दूसरे अवसर के लिए।

वॉलरस्टीन और ब्लेकस्ली से अपनाया (1989, 1996)

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कोली, आरएल (1998) बच्चों को एकल-मातृ गृह में समाजीकरण के अनुभव और कामकाज; पिताओं और अन्य मेंड का महत्व। बाल विकास, 69, 219-230।
Hetherington, E.M., Bridges, M., & Insabella, G.M. (1998). What matters What does not Five perspectives on the association between marital transitions and children's adjustment. American Psychologist, 53, 167-184.
??????, ????, ?????, ???? (2000)? ??? ?? ????? ?????, 5 ??? ??????? ??????: ?????? ????????
वालरस्टीन, जे।, और ब्लेकस्ली, एस (1996)। दूसरी संभावना, पुरुष, महिला और बच्चे तलाक के एक दशक बाद। बोस्टन: ह्यूटन मिफ्लिन।

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