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???????????????????Carolyn Kessler????????????

?? February 11, 2012#!31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:55:55 -0800p5531#31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:55:55 -0800p-10-08:003131-08:00x31 18am31am-31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:55:55 -0800p10-08:003131-08:00x312012Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:55:55 -08005510553amSunday=3560#!31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:55:55 -0800p-08:003#18#!31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:55:55 -0800p5531#/31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:55:55 -0800p-10-08:003131-08:00x31#!31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:55:55 -0800p-08:003#???

????????????ASD???????????????????????????????????????ASD???? ASD????????????????????????/?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????







Individuals with ASD may also have trouble with a concept known as socioemotional reciprocity. This means that social skills such as comforting others who are hurt or sad, responding appropriately when someone approaches them, and initiating social contact in an appropriate manner may be difficult for them.

Finally, individuals with ASD have trouble in many cases with shared enjoyment. Shared enjoyment refers to behaviors such as smiling, making eye contact, and saying enthusiastic comments, such as, This is great! when happy and excited about something.




Finally, people with ASD often adhere to routinized behavior. For instance, they may insist on taking the same route to school everyday, or keeping the same strict schedule day after day. Many parents don't recognize these routines until an unexpected disruption occurs and their child becomes very upset.


Carolyn Kessler??? is a child psychologist with more than 10 years of experience working with children, adolescents, and their families on issues related to behavior management and parenting, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, developmental disabilities, and ADHD. Family training is a key component of her therapy. Dr. Kessler specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of autism spectrum disorders. She is a Codirector of Psychology Services at the New York University Child Study Center s Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience and is in private practice in Park Slope, Brooklyn, where she provides assessment, treatment, and consultation to families and schools. In addition to standardized testing of IQ, achievement, memory, and behavior, her assessment skills include the use of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), an instrument on which Dr. Kessler trains other professionals, as well as the Autism Diagnostic Interview- Revised (ADI-R).