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Regulierung unserer Körper für optimales Lernen, von Neeha Patel, OTD, OTR / L, Ergotherapeutin

Durch 23. Januar 2012 #! 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:59:02 -0800p0231#31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:59:02 -0800p-10-08: 003131-08: 00x31 18 am31am-31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:59:02 -0800p10- 08: 003131-08: 00x312012Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:59:02 -08005910593amSunday = 1858#! 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:59:02 -0800p-08: 003#March 18, 2012.#! 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:59 : 02 -0800p0231# / 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:59:02 -0800p-10-08: 003131-08: 00x31#! 31Sun, 18 Mar 2012 10:59:02 -0800p-08: 003# Blog

Self-regulation is critical to a child's learning and development. Self-regulation is a person s ability to maintain their arousal level and a level of alertness that is appropriate for the demands of the environment. Children and adults use various strategies and techniques to maintain self-regulation throughout their daily lives. Many of these strategies are sensory based and help our nervous systems sustain physiological regulation in order to participate in social activities, daily living activities, and other age appropriate activities. Sensory processing is a key ingredient to a child's self-regulation.

Zu den sensorischen Informationen, die unser Körper verarbeitet, gehören:

Proprioceptive input: Gives our bodies information of body position and where our body is in space.
Vestibular input: Provides information to our body about movement and changes in head position.
Tactile input: Sense of touch through our bodies, hands, and mouth; allowing us to interpret what we feel.
Auditory input: Sense of hearing, allowing us to interpret what we hear.
Visual input: Sense of vision, allowing us to interpret what we see.

Unser Körper nimmt sensorische Informationen aus der Umgebung auf und verarbeitet diese Informationen, was zu einem Verhalten als Reaktion auf die Umgebung führt. Wenn Kinder Schwierigkeiten haben, sensorische Informationen zu verarbeiten oder die sensorischen Informationen angemessen zu registrieren, können Schwierigkeiten bei der Selbstregulierung auftreten.

Nur einige Beispiele dafür, wie Erwachsene die Regulierung täglich mithilfe sensorischer Strategien aufrechterhalten, sind:

Chewing gum to help sustain attention.
Going out for a massage or engaging in physical exercise when feeling stressed.
Lying under a heavy blanket when relaxing and falling asleep.
When a child has difficulty with self-regulation, it can impact the child's ability to participate in school activities, in activities of daily living, social activities, etc. For example, if a child has difficulty sustaining an optimal level of arousal and is very active they will potentially have difficulty listening to classroom instruction, difficulty following the classroom routine, etc. Another example is a toddler who has difficulty tolerating transitions and difficulty self-soothing. This toddler may have difficulty utilizing tools or strategies to assist with self calming, like engaging in a calming movement activity, getting a hug for comfort, knowing what to expect through a visual schedule, etc.

Here are a few questions to consider when looking at a child's functioning and determining whether difficulties with self-regulation may be contributing to your child's learning potential:

Does your child have difficulty staying seated or sitting still during tabletop tasks
Does your child have difficulty transitioning between activities
Does your child have difficulty sustaining attention to a conversation, activity, or task
Does your child have difficulty self-soothing when upset
Does your child have difficulty filtering excessive noise resulting in difficulty sustaining attention
Does your child have difficulty following multi-step directions or multi-step activities without requiring assistance
Does your child have a low activity level
Does your child seem to get lost while completing a task, delaying his/her ability to complete it in a timely manner

These are only a few questions related to possible self-regulation difficulties. If difficulties with self-regulating is impacting daily life and your child's ability to participate in age related activities to their fullest potential, an occupational therapy consultation or evaluation may be beneficial. Occupational therapy can assess a child's individual sensory needs and self-regulation capacity to assist with increase in functional independence.

Hier einige Beispiele für Techniken, die ein Ergotherapeut anwenden kann, um Sie und Ihr Kind bei der Selbstregulierung zu unterstützen:

Create social stories: creating a story about the child and identifying their arousal level (our bodies move slow, just right, and fast).
Creating a sensory diet that is specific to the child's sensory system and needs, to help provide needed sensory input to maintain regulation.
Increasing a child's self-awareness and ability to identify their own arousal level.
Providing sensory rich experiences for the child to engage in to increase opportunities for the child to receive the sensory input that they may need.
Engaging in sensory based community activities that provide the sensory information that the individual child may benefit from.

Dr. Neeha Patel ist ein lizenzierter Ergotherapeut, der einen ganzheitlichen Therapieansatz anbietet, der sich auf evidenzbasierte Praxistechniken, sensorische Integrationstheorie, neurologische Entwicklungsbehandlung, familienzentrierte Betreuung und einen spielbasierten Ansatz stützt. Sie ist SIPT-zertifiziert (Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests) und verfügt über umfangreiche Erfahrung in der Unterstützung von Kindern von der Geburt bis zum Alter von 16 Jahren bei sensorischen Verarbeitungsverzögerungen, fein- und visuell-motorischen Verzögerungen, sozialen Fähigkeiten, Vorab- und Handschriftfähigkeiten sowie in deren Fähigkeiten Hauptaktivitäten des täglichen Lebens. Sie hat mit verschiedenen Diagnosen gearbeitet, darunter Autismus-Spektrum-Störungen, Lernstörungen, Entwicklungsverzögerungen, Entwicklungskoordinationsstörung, Zerebralparese, störende Verhaltensstörung und Down-Syndrom. Neeha hat besonderes Interesse und hat ihre Doktorarbeit im Bereich der kulturellen Sensibilität bei der Arbeit mit Kindern und ihren Familien abgeschlossen. Neeha bietet Haus-, Schul- oder Gemeindebesuche in Brooklyn und Manhattan an (Upper West Side, Midtown, Chelsea, Clinton, West Village, Soho, Tribeca, Union Square, Murray Hill, Gramercy Park, Upper East Side).

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